What causes measles? Symptoms and ways to prevent measles

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Measles is a contagious disease characterized by high fever and red rash. Caused by a virus And it is more common in young children, although adults can also be infected. This virus has a high ability to spread through inhalation. As a result, people who do not have the majority of immunity have a high chance of being infected. Measles is preventable with a vaccine and the spread can be controlled.

“Measles” What is measles? How dangerous is it? And why do many people not get vaccinated against measles? Health brings information for you.

What causes measles? Symptoms and ways to prevent measles

What is measles?

Measles is an infectious disease of the respiratory system. Caused by a virus from the paramyxovirus group. that can spread infection And measles is transmitted from sick people to other people through coughing, sneezing, and mixing droplets from saliva and mucus in the air. Then other people breathe that air into their bodies. or accidentally touching mucus directly from the saliva of measles patients (Patients may cough, sneeze, cover their mouth with their hands. *Then put your hand and touch the side of other things. Then someone else came and grabbed that stuff again.)

Symptoms of measles

Symptoms of measles Within 14 days after the body has been exposed to the virus, symptoms of people with measles will be seen as follows.

  • Symptoms of measles include a high temperature. You may have a fever as high as 40 degrees Celsius.
  • runny nose
  • Cough frequently
  • My eyes hurt.
  • Red, greasy eyes
  • There are small red bumps that are white. Center up in the cheek.
  • There is a rash on the โปรโมชั่น ufabet body. A red-brown rash spread all over the face and neck (within 3-5 days the rash will gradually disappear on its own).

Measles risk group

Because measles is caused by a virus. Therefore, if anyone is a small child, an elderly person, a pregnant woman, or someone whose body is not yet strong low immunity to disease Including people who need to take immune-suppressing drugs to treat other diseases. You can also get measles. Therefore, anyone who is near a measles patient There is a risk of contracting the virus that causes measles. But the most common are young children from birth to 4 years old.

Danger of measles

Measles can generally be cured easily. But if complications arise Especially complications that occur in young children under 1 year of age, as well as adults who are not in good health , may have life-threatening complications such as:

  • Diarrhea, vomiting, which may lead to dehydration.
  • Middle ear infection, inflammation, causing ear pain.
  • Eye infection Makes eyes red and greasy
  • laryngitis
  • Pneumonia, pneumonia, bronchitis and other respiratory diseases
  • Hepatitis
  • Strabismus, blindness if the virus damages the nervous system. and eye muscles
  • meningitis
  • The heart and nervous system are damaged.
  • Brain malfunction

How to treat measles

Measles is another disease that does not have any medicine. directly treat this disease (The same applies to the common cold.) Your doctor may prescribe medication to help reduce symptoms, such as fever reducers (not aspirin), nasal decongestants, and cough syrups. Patients should refrain from leaving the house and going out to public places when they have a fever. and rashes on the body, including coughing and sneezing. To prevent spreading the virus to others, drink 6-8 glasses of water and eat nutritious foods. Get enough rest. It will help the body gradually. Fight the virus until you are back to normal.

How to prevent measles

  1. Stay away from people with measles. to prevent contact
  2. Wash your hands thoroughly before eating. or pick up food and put it in the mouth
  3. Always exercise to strengthen your body’s immune system.
  4. Get enough rest.
  5. Drink enough water to meet your body’s needs.
  6. Give young children the flu vaccine. First dose at age 9 months, second dose at age 2 and a half. If vaccinated with Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccine (MMR), children can receive the first vaccine when they reach 9-12 months of age and receive the next vaccine at age 4- 6 years
  7. Older children or adults who are not immune to measles You can also receive two vaccinations, each at least 28 days apart.
  8. If you are a measles patient You should refrain from going out until your symptoms are better. If it is necessary to go outside You should wear a face mask to prevent spreading the virus through coughing and sneezing.

Problems with measles vaccination

Measles vaccination is limited in some groups, such as:

  • Pregnant women
  • Children with tuberculosis, leukemia, and other types of cancer who have not yet received treatment
  • People whose immune system is very weak
  • Children with a history of gelatin allergy or severe neomycin antibiotic group

However, if these people have measles, they can be injected with antibodies or a protein called immune globulin. To prevent getting sick But the said substance must be injected within 6 days after being exposed to the virus.

In addition, from the decision of Chularatchamontri and international organizations Confirm that Vaccination to prevent measles Not contrary to Islamic principles Therefore, parents should take their children to receive all vaccinations according to the doctor’s appointment. To control the spread of measles effectively